美国商务部工业安全局(BIS)彻底封杀华为Huawei禁令新规全文内容中文

 

Commerce Addresses Huawei’s Efforts to Undermine Entity List, Restricts Products Designed and Produced with U.S. Technologies

The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) today announced plans to protect U.S. national security by restricting Huawei’s ability to use U.S. technology and software to design and manufacture its semiconductors abroad. This announcement cuts off Huawei’s efforts to undermine U.S. export controls. BIS is amending its longstanding foreign-produced direct product rule and the Entity List to narrowly and strategically target Huawei’s acquisition of semiconductors that are the direct product of certain U.S. software and technology. 

Since 2019 when BIS added Huawei Technologies and 114 of its overseas-related affiliates to the Entity List, companies wishing to export U.S. items were required to obtain a license.[1]  However, Huawei has continued to use U.S. software and technology to design semiconductors, undermining the national security and foreign policy purposes of the Entity List by commissioning their production in overseas foundries using U.S. equipment.

“Despite the Entity List actions the Department took last year, Huawei and its foreign affiliates have stepped-up efforts to undermine these national security-based restrictions through an indigenization effort.  However, that effort is still dependent on U.S. technologies,” said Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross.  “This is not how a responsible global corporate citizen behaves.  We must amend our rules exploited by Huawei and HiSilicon and prevent U.S. technologies from enabling malign activities contrary to U.S. national security and foreign policy interests.”

Specifically, this targeted rule change will make the following foreign-produced items subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR): 

(i)        Items, such as semiconductor designs, when produced by Huawei and its affiliates on the Entity List (e.g., HiSilicon), that are the direct product of certain U.S. Commerce Control List (CCL) software and technology; and

(ii)       Items, such as chipsets, when produced from the design specifications of Huawei or an affiliate on the Entity List (e.g., HiSilicon), that are the direct product of certain CCL semiconductor manufacturing equipment located outside the United States.  Such foreign-produced items will only require a license when there is knowledge that they are destined for reexport, export from abroad, or transfer (in-country) to Huawei or any of its affiliates on the Entity List.

To prevent immediate adverse economic impacts on foreign foundries utilizing U.S. semiconductor manufacturing equipment that have initiated any production step for items based on Huawei design specifications as of May 15, 2020, such foreign-produced items are not subject to these new licensing requirements so long as they are reexported, exported from abroad, or transferred (in-country) by 120 days from the effective date.

Federal Register notice of the interim final rule is available here.

 


[1] In May 2019, BIS added Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. (Huawei) and certain non-U.S. affiliates to the Entity List (with additional affiliates added in August 2019) on the basis of information that provided a reasonable basis to conclude that Huawei is engaged in activities that are contrary to U.S. national security or foreign policy interests.  This information included the activities alleged in the Department of Justice’s public Superseding Indictment of Huawei, including alleged violations of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), conspiracy to violate IEEPA by providing prohibited financial services to Iran, and obstruction of justice in connection with the investigation of those alleged violations of U.S. sanctions.

BUREAUS AND OFFICES
 
 
 
 
美国工业和安全局(BIS)今天宣布了保护美国国家安全的计划,限制华为使用美国技术和软件在海外设计和制造半导体的能力。这一宣布切断了华为破坏美国出口管制的努力。国际清算银行正在修改其长期以来的外国生产的直接产品规则和实体名单,以狭义和战略性地针对华为收购美国某些软件和技术的直接产品半导体。
 
BIS Huawei美国工业和安全局商务部彻底封杀华为禁令新规全文内容中文
 
自2019年国际清算银行将华为技术及其114家海外关联公司列入实体名单以来,希望出口美国产品的公司必须获得许可证。[1]然而,华为继续使用美国软件和技术设计半导体,通过使用美国设备在海外铸造厂进行生产,破坏了实体清单的国家安全和外交政策目的。
 
尽管国防部去年采取了实体清单行动,但华为及其外国子公司通过本土化努力,加大了破坏这些基于国家安全的限制的力度。不过,这一努力仍取决于美国的技术。“这不是一个负责任的全球企业公民的行为方式。我们必须修改华为和海思利用的规则,防止美国技术使恶意活动违背美国国家安全和外交政策利益。”
 
具体来说,这一有针对性的规则变化将使下列外国生产的产品遵守出口管理条例(EAR):
 
(i) 由华为及其附属公司在实体清单(如HiSilicon)上生产的半导体设计等项目,是某些美国商业控制清单(CCL)软件和技术的直接产品;以及
 
(ii)根据华为或实体清单上的附属公司(如HiSilicon)的设计规范生产的芯片组等产品,是位于美国境外的某些CCL半导体制造设备的直接产品。这些外国生产的产品只有在知道其目的地是再出口、从国外出口或转让(国内)给华为或实体清单上的任何关联公司时才需要许可证。
 
为防止对使用美国半导体制造设备的外国铸造厂造成直接不利的经济影响,这些工厂已于2020年5月15日开始根据华为设计规范对产品采取任何生产步骤,只要这些外国生产的产品再出口、再出口,就不受这些新的许可要求的约束自生效之日起120天内从国外或(国内)转移。
 
 
《联邦公报》关于临时最终条例的通知可在此处查阅。
 
[1] 2019年5月,国际清算银行将华为技术有限公司(Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd.)和某些非美国分支机构列入实体名单(2019年8月增加了其他分支机构),其依据是提供了合理的依据,可以断定华为从事的活动违反美国国家安全或外交政策利益。这些信息包括司法部公开撤销对华为的起诉所指控的活动,包括涉嫌违反《国际紧急经济权力法》(IEEPA),串谋通过向伊朗提供被禁止的金融服务来违反IEEPA,以及在调查涉嫌违反美国制裁的案件时妨碍司法公正。
展开全文

声明:勿转载。若非转不可,须以链接形式标注本文地址。

TAGs:美国商务部 工业安全局 BIS 华为 Huawei 禁令 新规 全文 内容 中文